This topic, citizen journalism, brings me back to the previous lessons when we discussed about consumer and prosumer.
So what is citizen journalism? And how it is different from traditional journalism we know?
Along with the convergence of media, citizen journalism is rising as an phenomenon. Simply, It is when private individuals, who are not trained, do essentially what professional reporters do – report information. the information can be represented in several forms (text, images, video, etc.) by several platforms (Youtube, Facebook, etc.).
There are billions of people are using social network. Everyday, every minute, there are billions of stories, news are posted. With only a cell phone, don’t have to be too expensive, anyone can report. Well, that means everybody can become a journalist. I mean, citizen journalist.
Citizen journalism is difference from traditional (professional) journalism. However, the only difference is the professionals are trained.
The main factor of the rise of citizen journalism, in my opinion, is the rise of social network. Nowadays, audiences are not only the consumers, who just get information via newspapers or radio/ tv shows but also are the producers, who produces news. They get information from each other. They spread it. They are called “prosumers”. As mentioned above, there are billions of news stories are posted on social networks, such as Facebook, Twitter. We may get information from Twitter before we see it on television. The latest earthquake in Nepal is an example. The information about the earthquake is widely spread on Twitter just a few minutes after it happened. Social network sites play a big role in changing the role of users. And that is a result of media convergence.
- Rogers, “What is citizen journalism?”, About News.